Especially in Europe, research has focused on residential developments while neglecting productive activities (manufacturing, logistics, retail, trades, etc.), which are major engines for urbanization. These activities partly determine the availability and locations of jobs (especially for low-skilled workers) and maintain in situ or attract new resident populations. We consider the relationships between economic activities and land usage, logistics, and transport infrastructure. The following questions are addressed from a comparative perspective:
- How does the construction of transport infrastructure trigger urbanization and economic activity?
- Are industrial areas, and their modes of governance, connected to housing developments and road networks?
- How is the rural-urban transition triggered by productive activities?